Union University
Union University Dept of History

Faculty News

Spring 2014

Dr. Henry Allen attended the Tennessee Phi Alpha Theta Regional Conference at Tennessee Tech University on February 22, where he served as a chair/commentator for a panel titled "New Attitudes in the Modern U.S.A." On March 7, he presented a paper called "Martin Luther: Roman Catholic/Evangelical Bridge Builder" at the Christianity in the Academy Conference at Union University's Stephen Olford Center in Memphis, Tennessee.

Dr. Keith Bates attended the Tennessee Phi Alpha Theta Regional Conference in Cookeville on February 22; he served as a paper judge for the conference. On April 16, he presented a talk at Union's Pew spring luncheon on his book manuscript about American fundamentalist John R. Rice as a Pew Summer Research Grant recipient in the summer of 2013.

Dr. Stephen Carls coordinated the travel of nine people to the Phi Alpha Theta Biennial Convention in Albuquerque on January 2-5. He delivered a luncheon address at the convention on January 3 titled "Remembering World War I." He also served as the chair of a panel called "Cold War" and was a member of a panel named "How to Panel: Fundraising and Chapter Activities." On February 22, he represented the Phi Alpha Theta national office at the Tennessee Phi Alpha Theta Regional Conference in Cookeville, presenting greetings during the conference luncheon. He also worked as the chair of the Snell Prize Committee which is associated with the European History Section of the Southern Historical Association; the committee determines the winner in an annual graduate student paper competition in European history.

Dr. Terry Lindley had entries titled "American Tract Society" and "Russian-American Relations" published in The Definitive Civil War Encyclopedia and Document Collection (ABC-Clio, 2014). He also posted reviews about the following books on Amazon.com: Joe Holley's Slingin' Sam: The Life and Times of the Greatest Quarterback Ever to Play the Game in February; Tom Clavin's The DiMaggios: Three Brothers, Their Passion for Baseball, Their Pursuit of the American Dream in March; and Mordecai Bar-on's Moshe Dayan: Israel's Controversial Hero in April. On February 22, he attended the Tennessee Phi Alpha Theta Regional Conference at Tennessee Tech University, where he served as a chair/commentator for a panel named "World War in Europe." He also attended the meeting of the Society of Military History in Kansas City, Missouri, on April 3-6.

Dr. David Thomas attended the Phi Alpha Theta Biennial Convention on January 2-5, where he served as a chair/commentator for two panels, one called "Religious History" and the other "American Revolution."

Fall 2013

Dr. Keith Bates signed a contract with BorderStone Press to serve as a co-editor and contributor to a book on civil religion in America tentatively titled "Civil Religion and American Christianity." The projected publication date for the book is late 2014.

Dr. Stephen Carls coordinated the Carls-Schwerdfeger Lectureship with Philip Jenkins on October 1. He attended the International Holocaust Studies Conference on October 16-18, 2013, at Middle Tennessee State University; he served as a panel chair and the official conference photographer. On October 31-November 2, he was at the Southern Historical Association Conference in St. Louis, where he attended Phi Alpha Theta History Honor Society's 60th anniversary luncheon on November 1 in his capacity as the organization's national vice president. As a member of the European History Section's Snell Prize Committee for graduate papers, he announced the 2013 winner during the EHS luncheon at the SHA conference on November 2; he also photographed EHS activities at the conference.

Dr. Terry Lindley had an article titled "West Tennessee Baptists and the Civil War" published in Tennessee Baptist History in its fall 2013 issue. He wrote book reviews about the following for Choice magazine: Hank Greenberg: The Hero of Heroes by John Rosengreen (August 2013); and Smoky Joe Wood: The Biography of a Baseball Legend by Gerald Wood (September 2013). In addition, he posted reviews on Amazon about the following works: The Zimmerman Telegram: Intelligence, Diplomacy, and America's Entry into World War I by Thomas Boghardt (September 16, 2013); and Willie Mays: The Life, the Legend by James S. Hirsch (November 4, 2013). Finally, he wrote a book review on Through a Glass Darkly: Contested Notions of Baptist Identity by Keith Harper (editor) that appeared in the fall 2013 issue of Tennessee Baptist History.

Dr. David Thomas supervised the successful completion of Lowell Van Ness's honors thesis during the fall semester. He also published an article titled "Civil War exhibit challenges myths" in the October 31st issue of Union's student newspaper Cardinal and Cream. On November 7, he gave a talk related to the article at Union University; the presentation, titled "Common Knowledge," was part of an evening program that officially launched a special Civil War exhibit in Union's library called "Binding Wounds, Pushing Boundaries: African Americans in Civil War Medicine." In addition, Thomas published an article called "Bridges and Fords: Lewis on History" in Renewing Minds, (Fall 2013): 5-15, and presented a paper based on that article at the November 4 session of Union University's "Town and Gown" series on "C. S. Lewis: Life and Legacy."

Spring 2013

Dr. Henry Allen served as a panel chair and commentator at the 2013 Tennessee Phi Alpha Theta Regional Conference at Belmont University on February 23.

Dr. Keith Bates had an article that he originally presented at Union University's "KJV400: Legacy and Impact" conference appear as a chapter in a book entitled KJV400: The Legacy and Impact of the King James Version. The book, edited by Ray Van Neste and published by BorderStone Press, appeared in February. The title of Dr. Bates' scholarly contribution to the book was "Not Fundamentalist Enough: John R. Rice and Bob Jones University Fail the King James-Only Test."

Dr. Stephen Carls attended the American Historical Association Convention in New Orleans on January 2-6. On February 23, he represented the national office of Phi Alpha Theta History Honor Society at the 2013 Tennessee Phi Alpha Theta Regional Conference at Belmont University. He also had a book review he wrote on Michael Sutton's France and the Construction of Europe, 1944-2007: The Geopolitical Imperative appear in the summer 2013 issue of The Historian.

Dr. Terry Lindley served as a panel chair and commentator at the 2013 Tennessee Phi Alpha Theta Regional Conference at Belmont University on February 23. He presented a paper entitled "Unknowable Tongues, Long Hair, and Rock 'n' Roll: The Southern Baptists Confront the Jesus Movement" at the Christianity in the Academy Conference on March 9. On March 14-17, Dr. Lindley attended the Society of Military History Conference in New Orleans. He also received a promotion from Union University to the rank of University Professor of History.

Dr. David Thomas had a book review he wrote on David Ericson's Slavery in the American Republic: Developing the Federal Government, 1791-1861 appear in the spring 2013 issue of The Historian.

Fall 2012

Dr. Keith Bates received word in October that Union University had given him a Pew Summer Research Grant for 2013.

Dr. Stephen Carls coordinated the Carls-Schwerdfeger History Lectureship on October 25 with Dr. George Rable of the University of Alabama as the speaker. On November 1-3, he attended the Southern Historical Association Conference in Mobile, Alabama, where he served as a panel chair.

Dr. Judy LeForge attended a National Underground Railroad Network to Freedom Conference sponsored by the National Park Service in Augustine, Florida, on June 20-23. She also went to the annual meeting of the Association for the Study of African American Life and History in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, on September 26-30 and the Ohio Valley History Conference at East Tennessee State University in Johnson City on October 11-13.

Dr. Terry Lindley had a book review of Elizabeth Flowers' Into the Pulpit: Southern Baptist Women and Power since World War II published in the October issue of Choice.

Dr. David Thomas attended a Lilly International Conference on College Teaching at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio, on November 15-16 as a recipient of a Union University Teaching and Learning Grant.

Spring 2012

Dr. Keith Bates attended the Phi Alpha Theta Biennial Convention in Orlando, Florida, on January 3-8, where he served as a chair/commentator for two student panels; and received tenure from Union University.

Dr. Stephen Carls attended the Phi Alpha Theta Biennial Convention in Orlando, Florida, on January 3-8, where he chaired and provided commentary for two student panels, served as the chair and a presenter for a third panel, and became the national vice president following a business meeting election; represented the national office of Phi Alpha Theta at the installation of a new chapter at Cumberland University in Lebanon Tennessee on March 16; attended the Tennessee Phi Alpha Theta Regional Conference at Middle Tennessee State University on March 23-24, where he served as the representative of the society's national headquarters at the opening banquet and the faculty advisors' meeting; and served as a faculty leader for a Holocaust trip for students to Poland, the Czech Republic, and Germany from May 20 to June 2.

Dr. Judy LeForge attended the Phi Alpha Theta Biennial Convention in Orlando, Florida, on January 3-8, where she served as the chair/commentator for two student panels; made a presentation of her work as a 2011 Pew Summer Research Grant recipient at the spring Pew Luncheon on April 4; and received a promotion to the rank of full professor at Union University.

Dr. Terry Lindley presented a paper titled "'Come Lord Jesus': A Study of the End Times as Seen in the Thought and Actions of Martin Luther and John Calvin" at the Christianity in the Academy Conference at the Olford Center in Memphis on March 2; attended the Tennessee Phi Alpha Theta Regional Conference at Middle Tennessee State University on March 24; and had an article titled "Evil Music from God?: Critics of Christian Rock" published in Apologetics in an Unsympathetic Culture: Proceedings of the 2008 Christianity in the Academy Conference (Southern Pines, NC: Carolinas Press, 2012).

Dr. David Thomas attended the Phi Alpha Theta Biennial Convention in Orlando, Florida, on January 3-8, where he served as the chair/commentator for two student panels; and had a book review published in the InterVarsity online faculty ministry newsletter The Lamp Post.

Fall 2011

Dr. Keith Bates presented a paper on "Not Fundamentalist Enough: John R. Rice and Bob Jones University Fail the King James-Only Test" at the "KJV 400: Legacy and Impact" conference at Union University on September 16. He also delivered a paper titled "Protecting God's Word from a Fundamentalist 'Cult:' Peter Ruckman's King James Onlyism" at the Ohio Valley History Conference at Murray State University in Kentucky on October 7.

Dr. Stephen Carls attended sessions of the "KJV 400: Legacy and Impact" conference at Union University on September 16. He served as the coordinator of the 16th Annual Carls-Schwerdfeger History Lectureship with Dr. Pauline Maier of MIT on October 11, and worked as the official photographer at the International Holocaust Studies Conference at Middle Tennessee State University on October 19-22.

Dr. Judy LeForge did research and writing in the summer of 2011 on black women preachers in nineteenth-century America as a recipient of a Union University Pew Summer Research Grant. On September 3, she presented a paper titled "Converted, Sanctified, and Called to Preach: Nineteenth-Century Black Women Preachers," at the Tennessee Conference of Historians at the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga. She also had an article on "Converted, Sanctified, and Called to Preach: Elizabeth – Early Nineteenth-Century Holy Woman" published in fall 2011 issue of the Journal of the Faculty Forum of Union University.

Dr. Terry Lindley attended the Ohio Valley History Conference at Murray State University in Kentucky on October 6-8, and he had a review of David Stowe's No Sympathy for the Devil: Christian Pop Music and the Transformation of American Evangelicalism published in the December issue of Choice.

Dr. David Thomas made a presentation on September 15 about "Antecedents to the Constitution" to the Jackson-Madison County chapter of the National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution. In mid-November, he taped a segment for Union University's "Jackson 24-7" news program on the topic of "JFK: Legacy and Assassination."

Spring 2011

Dr. Henry Allen was chosen by the Intercollegiate Studies Institute and the James Madison Program in American Ideals and Institutions to attend a summer institute for historians and political scientists in June, 2011, at Princeton University. On April 2, he attended the Kentucky-Jackson Purchase Phi Alpha Theta Regional Conference at Murray State University.

Dr. Keith Bates attended the Kentucky-Jackson Purchase Phi Alpha Theta Regional Conference at Murray State University on April 2, where he served as a panel session chair. On May 6, Union University presented him with its 2011 Faculty of the Year Award. He was also chosen by the Coalition of Christian Colleges and Universities to attend a publishing workshop at Abilene Christian University in June, 2011. Finally, he spent time working on a paper that he will present at a "KJV 400: Legacy and Impact" conference at Union University in September, 2011.

Dr. Stephen Carls used a spring semester research leave from Union to work on a twentieth-century Europe textbook that he is co-authoring with his wife. He also evaluated a book-length manuscript on historiography for British historian Jeremy Black. He made a presentation about his textbook work at a Pew Summer Research Program luncheon on April 6. On May 5, he was the featured speaker at the Annual History Department Awards Banquet at Union. In addition, he attended the Kentucky-Jackson Purchase Phi Alpha Theta Regional Conference at Murray State University on April 2.

Dr. Judy LeForge continued work on a book-length manuscript that deals with the nineteenth-century civil rights movement in the United States. She also attended the Kentucky-Jackson Purchase Phi Alpha Theta Regional Conference at Murray State University on April 2, where she served as a panel session chair.

Dr. Terry Lindley had three book reviews published in Choice during the spring semester. He also submitted two selections, one on "Russian-American Relations" and the other on the "American Tract Society," for publication in ABC Clio’s Civil War Encyclopedia. On April 2, he attended the Kentucky-Jackson Purchase Phi Alpha Theta Regional Conference at Murray State University, where he served as a panel session chair.

Dr. David Thomas submitted an article on late twentieth-century Christian historians and the nature of history to The Lamp Post, an InterVarsity faculty ministry web-journal, for possible publication. He also made a presentation about his work on Christian historians at a Pew Summer Research Program luncheon on April 6.

Fall 2010

Dr. Stephen Carls, as a recipient of a Pew Summer Research Grant, spent the summer of 2010 working on a twentieth-century European history textbook. On October 26, he coordinated the Fourteenth Annual Carls-Schwerdfeger History Lectureship with Dr. Daniel Walker Howe. He also attended the Southern Historical Association Conference in Charlotte, North Carolina, on November 4-7.

Dr. Judy LeForge published an article titled "Voices of Conscience: The White Rose Movement, 1942-1943" in the fall 2010 issue of Union University’s Journal of the Union Faculty Forum. On September 10-11, she attended the Tennessee Conference of Historians at Cumberland University in Lebanon, where she presented a paper titled "Black Preachers, Protest, and Political Action: Bishop Henry M. Turner." She also chaired a panel called "World War II" at the conference.

Dr. Terry Lindley published a book review on James Forr and David Proctor’s Pie Traynor: A Baseball Biography in Choice in August, 2010. He also submitted two other book reviews to Choice for future publication. On October 14-16, he attended the Ohio Valley History Conference at Tennessee Tech University in Cookville.

Dr. David Thomas used a Pew Summer Research Grant in the summer of 2010 to study the topic of Christian historians and the nature of history.

Spring 2010

Dr. Keith Bates received a promotion from Union University to the rank of Associate Professor of History. He served as a chair/commentator for a panel titled "The Reformation" at the 2010 Phi Alpha Theta History Honor Society Biennial Convention in San Diego, California, in January. He also attended the Alabama Phi Alpha Theta Regional Conference at the University of North Alabama on April 10.

Dr. Stephen Carls attended the 2010 Phi Alpha Theta Biennial Convention in San Diego in January as the business meeting delegate for Union University. He served as chair/commentator for a convention panel called "Ideology in Warfare" and as chair/commentator for another panel titled "20th Century Europe." He was also the chair of and a presenter at a convention panel on "How to Improve Your Chapter." He received a meritorious service award at the convention for his loyalty and dedication to the society for more than a quarter of a century. He also did an in-depth evaluation in January of the current edition of A History of World Societies for Bedford/St. Martin's Press as it begins putting together its next edition of the book. On April 10, he attended the Alabama Phi Alpha Regional Conference at the University of North Alabama.

Dr. Judy LeForge had an article titled "Alabama's Colored Conventions and the Exodus Movement, 1871-1879" appear in January in the Alabama Review, a publication of the Alabama Historical Society. She attended the 2010 Phi Alpha Theta Biennial Convention in San Diego in January, where she served as chair/commentator for two panels. The first was titled "Changes in the Images of Women" and the second "Women Pushing the Boundaries." On April 10, she served as a chair/commentator for a panel called "Women's History" at the Alabama Phi Alpha Theta Regional Conference in Florence, Alabama.

Dr. Terry Lindley attended the Alabama Phi Alpha Theta Regional Conference at the University of North Alabama on April 10 and the Society of Military History Conference on May 20-23 at the Virginia Military Institute in Lexington, Virginia. He also submitted two book reviews to Choice: one was on Eileen Luhr’s Witnessing Suburbia: Conservative and Christian Youth Culture which was published in January, 2010; the other dealt with James Forr and David Proctor’s Pie Traynor: a Baseball Biography, with publication pending.

Dr. David Thomas attended the 2010 Phi Alpha Theta Biennial Convention in San Diego in January.

Fall 2009

Dr. Keith Bates participated in a Union University Honors Colloquium that dealt with "The Idea of History" in October.

Dr. Stephen Carls presented a paper titled "Engaging the Holocaust Face to Face" at the International Holocaust Studies Conference held on October 22-24 at Middle Tennessee State University in Murfreesburo; he was also the official photographer at the conference. He coordinated the Carls-Schwerdfeger History Lectureship with Professor David Hackett Fischer of Brandeis University on October 29. On November 5-7, he attended the Southern Historical Association Conference in Louisville, Kentucky, where he chaired a panel titled "Neo-Classical Values and Liberal Attitudes: Lafayette and the Transatlantic Revolutionary Era."

Dr. Judy LeForge presented a paper titled "'I don't know about Man, but I know what God can do.': The Nineteenth-Century Black Church and Biblically-Inspired Activism" as part of a panel called "Nineteenth-Century Religion" at the Tennessee Conference of Historians on September 25-26 at Cumberland University in Lebanon. The Journal of the Union Faculty Forum published her article "Alabama's Colored Conventions and the Exodus Movement: 1871-1879" in its 2009 issue which appeared in the fall. Dr. LeForge also supervised the history department's first dual credit course - History of World Civilization to the 18th Century - which Ms. Len Hamner taught at Briarcrest Christian School in Memphis.

Dr. Terry Lindley received confirmation that an article he prepared on "Texas Baptists and Vietnam" was published in Texas Baptist History.

Dr. David Thomas attended the 2009 InterVarsity Midwest Faculty Camp at Cedar Campus in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan on June 20-26; Dr. John Sommerville, professor emeritus of English history at the University of Florida, was the featured speaker. In October, he participated in a Union University Honors Colloquium that focused on "The Idea of History."

Spring 2009

Dr. Keith Bates served as a moderator/commentator for a panel called "Issues of Religion through the Ages" at the Tennessee Phi Alpha Theta Regional Conference at Austin Peay State University on February 28. He also chaired the Honors Thesis Committee for senior history major Joshua Abbotoy, who defended his thesis "How Political Fragmentation Impacted Byzantine Imperial Ideology, 1300-1453" on May 13.

Dr. Stephen Carls attended the University of Tennessee at Martin Civil Rights Conference on February 26. He represented Phi Alpha Theta national headquarters at the luncheon of the Tennessee Phi Alpha Theta Regional Conference at Austin Peay State University on February 28. On March 26-29, he attended the conference of the Society for French Historical Studies in St. Louis. He also listened to Dr. Jeremy Black of the University of Exeter lecture at Belmont University on April 16.

Dr. Judy LeForge served as a moderator/commentator for a panel titled "Religion and Race" at the Tennessee Phi Alpha Theta Regional Conference at Austin Peay State University on February 28. On March 11, she made a presentation on the results of her Union University 2008 PEW Summer Grant work, which focused on "The 19th Century Black Church and Biblically Inspired Activism."

Dr. Terry Lindley attended the Society of Military History Conference at Middle Tennessee State University on April 2-5. He had two book reviews published in Choice and had an entry titled "The Jesus Movement" published in The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization.

Dr. David Thomas had a book review about Mark Noll's book God and Race in American Politics: A Short History published on the InterVarsity Faculty Ministry web page.

Fall 2008

Dr. Keith Bates became a proud father in August when his wife Lisa gave birth to their daughter Rachel. At the beginning of the fall semester, he assumed the responsibility of faculty advisor to the Lambda Chi Alpha fraternity on Union's campus. On September 30, he delivered a lecture entitled "Militancy and Meaning within American Protestant Christianity" as a part of a Union University Town and Gown series.

Dr. Stephen Carls attended the Southern Historical Association Conference in New Orleans, Louisiana, on October 9-12. He also served as coordinator of the Carls-Schwerdfeger History Lectureship on October 30 with Dr. Jeremy Black as speaker. On November 7, the Union University Alumni Association gave him its 2008 Distinguished Faculty/Staff Award at a Homecoming chapel.

Dr. Judy LeForge, with the support of a PEW Summer Research Grant, spent the summer doing research and writing on a chapter for a book-length manuscript dealing with a nineteenth-century civil rights movement in the U.S. In October, she attended the Southern Historical Association Conference in New Orleans, Louisiana.

Dr. Terry Lindley worked with a panel for the Ohio Valley History Conference by reading two papers and providing questions about them prior to the conference, which was held at Austin Peay State University in late October. The panel was called "The Two Koreas and Cold War Asian Imbroglio."

Dr. David Thomas attended the 2008 InterVarsity Midwest Faculty Camp at Cedar Campus on Lake Huron in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan on June 21-27.

Spring 2008

Dr. Keith Bates was in Albuquerque, New Mexico, on January 3-5, 2008, for the Phi Alpha Theta Biennial Convention, where he served as chair/commentator for a session entitled "Religion in the 20th Century U.S." He also attended the Eighth Annual Civil Rights Conference at the University of Tennessee at Martin on February 28 and the Tennessee Phi Alpha Theta Regional Conference at the University of Tennessee at Martin April 5.

Dr. Stephen Carls attended the Phi Alpha Theta Biennial Convention in Albuquerque, New Mexico on January 3-5, 2008, where he participated in the meeting of the PAT national council, chaired and made a presentation at a session called "Improving Your Chapter," and served as chair/commentator on panels entitled "Post-World War II Europe" and "The United States in World War II." On February 28, he attended the Eighth Annual Civil Rights Conference at the University of Tennessee at Martin. He participated in the Tennessee Phi Alpha Theta Regional Conference at the University of Tennessee at Martin April 5, where he acted as a chair/commentator for a panel called "The Role of Religion Around the World" and represented the Phi Alpha Theta national office at the conference luncheon. On April 24, he was the representative of the national office of Phi Alpha Theta at the chartering of a new chapter at Freed-Hardeman University. Dr. Carls was also the faculty representative from Union University on a Holocaust travel/study experience that involved visits to Berlin (Germany), Prague (Czech Republic), Cracow and Warsaw (Poland) from May 18 to June 1, 2008. Finally, Dr. Carls finished his twenty-fifth year as the faculty advisor to Union's Delta-Psi Chapter of Phi Alpha Theta.

Dr. Judy LeForge attended the Tennessee Phi Alpha Theta Regional Conference at the University of Tennessee at Martin on April 5, 2008, where she was a chair/commentator for a panel called "Race and Education in America." She received a 2008 PEW Summer Research Grant from Union University, and she worked on a book-length manuscript about the 19th century civil rights movement in America. Dr. LeForge also continued in her role as the department's history education representative for students planning to teach at the middle or high school level.

Dr. Terry Lindley attended the Christianity in the Academy Conference at the Olford Center in Memphis on April 4, 2008 and the Tennessee Phi Alpha Theta Regional Conference at the University of Tennessee at Martin on April 5. He had a book review of David E. Settje's Lutherans and the Longest War: Adrift on a Sea of Doubt About the Cold and Vietnam Wars, 1964-1975 published in Choice in December, 2007, and a book review of The War That Never Ends: New Perspectives on the Vietnam War edited by David Anderson and John Ernest published in Choice in March, 2008. He also submitted a book review of John G. Turner's Bill Bright and Campus Crusade for Christ: The Renewal of Evangelicalism in Postwar America to Choice in April and had an article on "The Jesus Movement" accepted for publication in The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization. In addition, Dr. Lindley completed his sixteenth year as the faculty advisor to the Rutledge Honorary History Club.

Dr. David Thomas had his book Stories We Tell Our Children: How Our Past Is Made Present in Children's Literature published by Royal Fireworks Press in April, 2008. He sent several stories of historical fiction for children to presses and agents for possible publication. Dr. Thomas was also the featured speaker at the history department's Annual Awards Banquet on May 1.

Fall 2007

Dr. Keith Bates presented a paper entitled "The Extension of Mainstream Fundamentalism: John R. Rice and the Southern Baptist Convention's 'Conservative Resurgence" at the Tennessee Conference of Historians on September 14-15. As the featured speaker at Union's Enkuklios Paidaeia evening on October 30, he made a presentation on the educational philosophy of the sixteenth-century Protestant theologian Philip Melanchthon. On October 22, he served as a commentator at a history department program about Ken Burns' The War. On October 31, he was a presenter at a Reformation Day history colloquium entitled "Modern Implications of the Reformation." On November 2, he participated in an honors colloquium dealing with history entitled "The Idea of History."

Dr. Stephen Carls served as a panel moderator at and helped host the Tennessee Conference of Historians on September 14-15. On October 22, he moderated and presented a commentary at a history department program about Ken Burns' The War. On October 31 he flew to Richmond, Virginia, where he attended the Southern Historical Association Conference on November 1-3. On November 8-10, he attended the Holocaust Studies Conference at Middle Tennessee State University. He served as a panel moderator and the official conference photographer.

Dr. Judy LeForge coordinated the Tennessee Conference of Historians on Union's campus on September 14-15. On October 18-20, she attended the Ohio Valley History Conference in Bowling Green, Kentucky. She served as a commentator on October 22 at a history department program on Ken Burns' The War, and she attended the Southern Historical Association Conference in Richmond, Virginia, on November 1-3. In her capacity as the history department's history education liaison, she organized a history education reception for faculty and students on November 13.

Dr. Terry Lindley moderated a panel at the Tennessee Conference of Historians on September 14-15. He attended the Ohio Valley History Conference at Western Kentucky University on October 18-20, and he served as a commentator at a history department program on Ken Burns' The War. On October 31, he made a presentation at a history colloquium entitled "Modern Implications of the Reformation."

Dr. David Thomas worked as a panel moderator at the Tennessee Conference of Historians on September 14-15. He also served as a panelist for a history-focused honors colloquium about "The Idea of History" on November 2. As the recipient of a fall semester research leave from Union University, he has spent his time writing historical fiction stories for children and reading religious history books and articles that deal with the era of the American Revolution and the early National period.

Spring 2007

Drs. Stephen Carls, Judy LeForge, and Terry Lindley served as panel moderators/commentators at the Tennessee Phi Alpha Theta Regional Conference at Tennessee State University in Nashville on March 24. Dr. Carls presided over a panel entitled "Under Review and Revision: Religious History as Social History," while Dr. LeForge was moderator/commentator for a panel called "You Say You Want a Revolution? Three Perspectives." Dr. Lindley's panel was on "Looking for Audrey Hepburn: A Roman Holiday Revisited."

Fall 2006

Dr. Terry Lindleyhad an article entitled "Tennessee Baptists and the Vietnam War" published in the fall, 2006, issue of Tennessee Baptist History. The citation for the article is Tennessee Baptist History 8 (Fall 2006): 54-71. Dr. Lindley, who began research on the topic of the Southern Baptists and the Vietnam War in the late 1990s, received Pew Summer Research Grants from Union University in 2000 and 2001 to advance his project. He also has an article on the Texas Baptists and the Vietnam War pending with the journal Texas Baptist Journal.

Dr. Judy LeForge, Associate Professor of History, had an article entitled "State Colored Conventions of Tennessee, 1865-1866" published in the fall, 2006, issue of the Tennessee Historical Quarterly. Dr. LeForge made use of a rich array of primary and secondary sources in her research. The article may be found in the Tennessee Historical Quarterly, 65 (Fall 2006): 230-253.

Department Faculty Travel, Do Research During Summer, 2006

History and Political Science faculty spent the summer of 2006 doing research and/or traveling in other parts of the world.

Dr. Stephen Carls represented Union University while visiting international studies programs in several European cities. Among his stops were the study centers of the Institute for the International Education of Students (IES) in Berlin, Vienna, Paris, and London. Dr. Carls also visited the University of Wroclaw in Poland, Salzburg College and the University of Salzburg in Austria, and the University of Orléans in France. Professor Carls's aim was to learn more about opportunities available to Union University students in the area of global studies. His trip began on June 10 and ended on July 3.


Dr. Stephen Carls takes a breather while visiting the
Schönbrunn Palace in Vienna, Austria, in June, 2006.

Dr. Kevin Cooney had an exceptionally busy summer that began with a short-term mission trip to Nicaragua in June with his church. This was followed by a month-long trip to Japan in July conducting research on a Union University PEW Summer Research Grant. Dr. Cooney spent several weeks in Tokyo interviewing members of the Japanese Diet (Parliament) and Foreign Ministry about issues in Japanese foreign and security policy. While in Japan, he traveled to Fukuoka in the southern part of the country. In Fukuoka he presented a paper entitled "Measuring Foreign Aid: Public vs. Private" at the 20th International Political Science Association World Congress. He finished the summer by submitting a new book proposal to a publisher and being elected treasurer of the professional organization Christians in Political Science.


Dr. Kevin Cooney stands in front of the Atomic Bomb Dome
in Hiroshima, Japan, in the summer of 2006.

Dr. Judy LeForge used the summer to begin researching the role that black women's associations played in obtaining civil rights during the nineteenth century. Visits to the civil rights centers of both the Memphis and Nashville Public Libraries provided some useful sources dealing with the topic. Dr. LeForge intends to incorporate this research into a larger work on nineteenth-century blacks. Her interest in Tennessee history also prompted visits to the Tennessee River Museum in Savannah, Tennessee, and the Corinth Civil War Interpretive Center in Corinth, Mississippi.

Spring 2006

Dr. James H. Edmonson, former professor of history at Union, died on February 3, 2006, after a long illness. Dr. Edmonson came to the history department in 1965 and remained there until 1992. He served as department chair from 1971 to 1989. During his tenure, he developed and for many years administered a history contest for local high school students. He also served as a district coordinator for the Tennessee National History Day competition in the 1980s and was the state coordinator one year. In addition, Dr. Edmonson was actively involved in local and state politics during the 1970s and 1980s, and he served as pastor of Woodlawn Baptist Church in Nutbush, Tennessee, from 1973 to 2004.

Fall 2005

In the early fall, Dr. Judy LeForge's essay entitled "Tennessee's 1796 Constitution: Preparation for Statehood" appeared as a chapter in the third edition of the book Tennessee: State of the Nation (2006), edited by Larry H. Whitaker and W. Calvin Dickinson. During the Tennessee Conference of Historians held in Knoxville September 16-17, Dr. LeForge chaired a session on the Reconstruction era. In October, she presented her paper "Alabama's Colored Conventions and the Exodus Movement, 1870-1879" at the Ohio Valley History Conference held at Murray State University (October 27-29). Dr. LeForge's article, "Porter-Leath Children's Center: Memphis, Tennessee's First Orphanage," will appear in the forthcoming volume of the West Tennessee Historical Society. Finally, on December 6, 2005, Dr. LeForge held a reception for history majors and minors interested in teaching history.

On November 9, 2005, Dr. Stephen Carls, Professor Keith Bates, Dr. Judy LeForge, Dr. Terry Lindley, and Dr. David Thomas went with senior student members of Phi Alpha Theta to do a service project at Fort Donelson National Battlefield as a part of Union University's third annual "Day of Remembrance." See More Info

The Pew Research Committee of Union University in October awarded Dr. Kevin Cooney a $4500 PEW Summer Grant to return to Japan to interview Japanese foreign-policy makers.  This project is a continuation of the research that led to his first two books on Japanese foreign policy.  He will conduct his research in the summer of 2006, and will present his findings at the annual convention of the International Studies Association and at Union in the spring of 2007.

Spring 2005

Dr. Judy LeForge, Assistant Professor of History, had a very active 2004-2005 academic year professionally. In September, she went to the University of Memphis to present a paper called "The First Civil Rights Movement: The National Colored Conventions, 1830-1879" at the Tennessee Conference of Historians. She also attended the Ohio Valley History Conference at Tennessee Tech University in October and the Southern Historical Association Conference in Memphis in November. Her article named "Historical Overview of Lotteries in Tennessee" appeared in the fall 2004 issue of Journal of the Union Faculty Forum. In addition, she began work on an article entitled "Tennessee 1796 Constitution: Preparation for Statehood" after receiving an invitation to contribute an essay to the Third Edition of the book Tennessee: State of the Nation.

Dr. LeForge's professional commitments and travels continued in the spring. In late February, she attended the Fifth Annual Civil Rights Conference at the University of Tennessee at Martin. On April 2, she was among a group of faculty and students who attended the Kentucky Phi Alpha Theta Regional Conference at Murray State University. On April 6, she took her Tennessee History and Government class on a field trip to the State Capitol in Nashville, where students met with two state representatives, had their picture made with the governor, and observed a session of the House of Representatives. She was back in Nashville a week later for a Tennessee Education Summit at the Nashville Public Library. Finally, Dr. LeForge traveled to the University of West Alabama in late April to present a paper on "Alabama's Colored Conventions and the Exodus Movement" at the First Symposium on the History and Culture of the Black Belt. The Livingston Press will publish the article as a part of the Proceedings of the First West Alabama Black Belt Symposium.

Dr. Sean Evans, Assistant Professor of Political Science, traveled to two political science conferences in first half of 2005. In January, he attended the Southern Political Science Association Conference in New Orleans and presented a paper entitled "The Moderation Hypothesis in State and Local Southern Elections." In April, he went to the Tennessee Political Science Association Conference at Fall Creek Falls State Park, where he completed his term as secretary of the association's executive committee. At the conference, he was elected the TPSA vice president for 2005-2006.

Professor Kevin Cooney presented a paper at the International Studies Association's Annual convention in Honolulu, Hawaii on March 2, 2005. The paper was entitled: "Alternative Visions of Japanese Security: The Role of Absolute and Relative Gains in the making of Japanese Security Policy." He also chaired a panel on Future Studies on March 4. In addition to this, on April 8th he published a short piece for the Japanese Center for Global Communications (GLOCOM) on the life, legacy, and impact of Pope John Paul II on world affairs. Lastly, Dr. Cooney has received a promotion from the rank of assistant professor to that of associate professor of Political Science.

Fall 2004

Dr. Kevin Cooney, Assistant Professor of Political Science, recently had a peer-reviewed article entitled "Nissan Syndrome and Structural Reform in Japan: Will It Take a Gaigin?" published in the journal Asian Perspective Summer, 2004). Dr. Cooney has also signed a contract with M. E. Sharpe Publishers to write a textbook called Japanese Foreign Policy: Past, Present, and Future that is due to appear in Janaury, 2006.

In addition, Dr. Cooney will be traveling to Hawaii in March, 2005, for the annual International Studies Association Convention, where he will present a paper on alternative visions of Japanese security, as part of a panel on Japanese foreign and security policy.

Dr. Terry Lindley, Professor of History, has had four book reviews published since June. They deal with: Andrew Greeley's The Catholic Revolution: New Wine, Old Wineskins, and the Second Vatican Council, which appeared in Choice (July-August 2004); Glenn Altschuyler's All Shook Up: How Rock 'n' Roll Changed America, which the Journal of American Culture published in June 2004; Paul Kengor's God and Ronald Reagan: A Spiritual Life, which was in the Journal of Church and State (Summer 2004); and R. Lawrence Moore's The Mixing of Sacred and Secular in American History, which also appeared in the Journal of Church and State (Summer 2004). In addition, Dr. Lindley recently submitted for possible publication an article entitled "Tennessee Baptists and the Vietnam War" to Tennessee Baptist History.

Fall 2003

Professor Marion Smothers retired from the Union University history faculty at the end of the 2002-2003 school year.  He taught American and world history courses at Union beginning in the fall of 1993.  The department recognized his distinguished service as a classroom teacher and department member at its annual awards banquet in early May. 


Dr. Carls presents a plaque to Professor Smothers for ten years of outstanding service to the Department of History & Political Science.

Dr. Stephen Carls, University Professor of History, attended two professional conferences during the spring of 2003.  On February 27, he was at the University of Tennessee at Martin to attend the Third Annual Civil Rights Conference, which focused on Tent City in Fayette County.  In early April he traveled to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, to participate in the forty-ninth annual conference of the Society for French Historical Studies.

Dr. Sean Evans, Assistant Professor of Political Science, has been quite active professionally.  He presented a paper entitled "The Guardian of Good Ideas: Minority Party Policy making in Congress" at the Southwestern Political Science Association in San Antonio, Texas in April, 2003.  Using data from House Republican archives for the 103rd Congress, Dr. Evans showed that the minority party develops policy alternatives as part of its legislative and public relations strategy to become the majority party.

During the summer, Dr. Judy LeForge, Visiting Instructor of History, researched the history of Tennessee's black conventions for civil rights during the Reconstruction era.  The result was an article entitled "State Colored Conventions of Tennessee, 1865-1866."  These conventions served as both a sounding board for black grievances and a method of informing the Congress of the plight of blacks in the state.  This article will be presented at three conferences during the fall of 2003.  In addition, Dr. LeForge is seeking to have the article published in either the Tennessee Historical Quarterly or the West Tennessee Historical Society Papers.

In line with his strong interest in church history, Dr. Terry Lindley, Professor of History, presented a paper entitled "Texas Baptists' Response to Vietnam" at the Texas State Historical Association meeting in El Paso on March 6, and has since submitted the same paper to the Texas Baptist Journal for publication.  He also wrote a book review of Mark Newman's Getting Right with God: Southern Baptists and Desegregation, 1945-1995 that appeared in Fides et Historia (Winter/Spring 2003).

Dr. Ann Livingstone, Associate Professor of Political Science, is currently on a professional leave of absence to work at the Pearson Peacekeeping Center in Clementsport, Nova Scotia.  She is serving there as the Director of Research and Program Development.  As director, she is responsible for the management, design, and development of all Pearson peacekeeping courses, which basically introduce and train civilians and military personnel to the legal, organizational, and operational aspects of peacekeeping.  She plans to resume her teaching responsibilities at Union in the spring of 2004.

The department has two new part-time faculty members on board for the fall semester.  Ms. Nancy Thomas, who has an M.A. in political science from The Ohio State University, is teaching Introduction to Political Science and Western Political Theory.  Mr. David Riddick, a practicing attorney, is handling the political science course called International Organizations and Law.

Fall 2002

Dr. Stephen Carls, University Professor of History, spent two weeks in Europe this summer doing research on French housing policy between the two world wars. Carls did his research at the International Labor Office in Geneva, Switzerland.

Working through the Consortium for Global Education, Dr. Ann Livingstone, Associate Professor of Political Science, spent eighteen days this past summer at two universities in Syria. In addition to deepening her knowledge about Middle Eastern politics, Dr. Livingstone taught at both Al-Baath University in Homs and the University of Damascus in Damascus. She used her recent experiences with town-and-gown classes at Union as a model for the Middle Eastern Schools to follow in building bridges to the community. She also lectured on the issue of hydropolitics.

Dr. Terry Lindley, Professor of History, spent the summer expanding an article on the Southern Baptists and the Jesus Movement which will be submitted for publication this fall. He wrote a paper on the Texas Baptists and the Vietnam War that will be presented at the Texas Historical Society meeting in El Paso in March 2003. He also wrote a book review on Close Harmony which will be published by the Filson Society.

This summer and fall, Dr. Sean Evans, Assistant Professor of Political Science, is using a Teagle Grant to conduct research on the divisive primary hypothesis. There is a belief among campaign professionals and political scientists that the more divisive the campaign, the more difficult it is for the primary winner and the party to regroup to win the general election. A divisive primary hurts the primary election winner because it exhausts his resources, provides ammunition for the general election opponent, and exacerbates factional and/or ideological tensions within the party. To examine the impact of the divisive primary, Dr. Evans is surveying campaign workers and donors of candidates of selected primaries for state legislative offices and the governor's race in two stages (after the primary and after the general election). He hopes to determine whether campaign workers of losing candidates work for the primary opponent, work on another campaign, or drop out of politics altogether, what makes an individual more likely to stay in politics rather than drop out, and what campaign strategies by the primary winner are most effective in helping the candidate and party to regroup to win in November.

Dr. Judy Leforge, a part-time history instructor, earned her doctor of philosophy degree from the University of Memphis in May, 2002. The title of her dissertation was "Tennessee's Constitutional Development, 1796-1870: A Conservative Struggle Toward Democracy." White working on her degree, she was the recipient of a Ruth and Harry Woodbury Graduate Fellowship for the Study of Southern History as well as two Belle McWilliams American History Scholarships.

The department has two new part-time faculty members on board for the 2002-2003 academic year. Mr. Tom McCutchen, who recently retired from the faculty of the University of Tennessee at Martin after a long and successful career there, will teach our department's geography courses. Serving as the department's educational liaison this year is Mr. Don Roe, a history teacher at North Side High school and holder of a master's degree in history from the University of Memphis.