Designing Classroom Tests
Writing Essay Questions:
- Does the question measure an objective that would not be assessed more efficiently by another item format?
- Does each question relate to an instructional objective?
- Does the question establish a framework to guide the student to the expected answer?
- Are the questions challenging? Do they allow the student to demonstrate originality of thought and expression?
- Are the questions reasonable in terms of:
- time allowed for response?
- complexity of task?
- Do all students answer the same questions?
- Are there a number of restricted response questions?
- Have you prepared a model answer for each question with all points assigned?
Writing Objective Test Items:
- Are instructional objectives clearly defined?
- Did you prepare and follow a test blue print?
- Are all items clear and well defined?
- Did you specify all necessary qualifications?
- Did you avoid giving clues to the correct answer?
- Did you test for important rather than trivial ideas?
- Did you adapt the test's level of difficulty to your students?
- Did you avoid direct quotes from the text?
- Are the items presented in a positive form?
- If negative items are used, did you call attention to this?
- Did you prepare a key? Does every item have only one correct answer?
Reprinted with permission from Teaching at UK (University of Kentucky Teaching and Learning Center), Fall, 1994